HISTORY AND MONUMENTS OF SEVILLA


The Legends tells that Seville was founded by Hercules. But the Seville area flourished during the Tharsis reign. It would be later called Hispalis. The Romans From the 3rd century BC, the Carthaginians occupied the area but they were defeated by the Roman,206 BC. From then on, Seville entered into an age of splendor.

Muslims In 712 started the domination of the Arabs over Sevilla, that they called at that time Isbiliah. Under the Arab ruling, Seville entered into another age of splendor. When the Almohades arrived in 1147, they transferred the center of the power from Cordoba to Seville and made it their capital.

Chistian Conquest In 1248, Ferdinand III The Saint conquested Seville for Christianity. Muslims were forced to leave whereas Mudejars and Hebrews stayed.

He stayed there until he died in 1252 and is considered as Seville’s patron saint.

Under Peter I of Castile (1350-69), the city grew in an extraordinary way.

Modern Age In 1492 Christopher Columbus discovered America. From then on, Seville experienced its apogee.

The territory of the city expanded end of 15th century.

Contemporary Age After the Independence war and another plague epidemic in the 19th century, Seville experienced another period of prosperity under Queen Elisabeth, who implemented urban reforms, in particular the construction of the Elisabeth II bridge and the collapse of the wall around the city

During the 20th century, Seville hosted two expositions that modified its landscapes. In 1929, Seville welcome the Latin-American exposition, the aim of which was to strengthen the Andalusian economy.

These are some of the most important monuments of Seville where you can not leave without visiting:


NAME

LOCATION

ORIGIN

TYPOLOGY

STYLE

DESCRIPTION

ALCAZAR

sevilla
14th century
palace
mudejar
The Christian monarchs, Alfonso X and Pedro I employed Moorish craftsmen to build the Real Alcazar of Seville in the 14th century. The Palace of Pedro I is considered to be the most complete example of this so-called Mudéjar architecture in Spain. However, a few remains still lie from the former Islamic palace, Patio del Yeso, from before the Christian Reconquest.

CASA PILATOS

sevilla
16th century

Italian Renaissance and Spanish Mudéjar
The Casa de Pilatos is located next to the Plaza de Pilatos. The building is mainly from the 16th century and a mixture of Italian Renaissance and Spanish Mudéjar style. It is regarded as a "prototype" of an Andalusian palace.
Once the owner of the building, the Marquis of Tarifa, came back he made some reforms on his palace. Since then, the building was called the "House of Pilate".

CATHEDRAL & GIRALDA

sevilla
cathedral:15th and 16th

giralda: 12th
Religious architecture
cathedral:Gothic

giralda:Islamic
The Cathedral of Seville was built in the 15th and 16th century in Gothic style on the grounds of the former major Arab mosque. It is the largest place of worship in Spain, and the third largest cathedral in the Christian world.
the Giralda tower was the minaret of the 12th century Moslem mosque. Its Christian bell fry was added by Hernán Ruiz in 1568. From there you can oversee large parts of Seville

PLAZA DE ESPAÑA

sevilla
19th-20th century


Major parts of the grounds of María Luisa park were donated in 1893 to the city of Seville by the Dutchess of Montpensier to be used as a public park.
In 1914, the Spanish architect Aníbal Gonzalez started with the construction works for the Ibero-American Exposition of 1929, which partly took place inside María Luisa park.
The semicircular square of the Plaza de España has an artificial lake in its center and is flanked by two towers. The building's style today is called Sevillian Regionalism.

GOLDEN TOWER

sevilla
13th century


The Golden Tower of Seville was built in the early 13th century by the Almohades. The building was of military purpose and was located outside the walled defences. It was used to control the entrance of Seville's harbour by means of an iron chain, which spanned to the other shore of the river.
Probably a cover of golden tiles gave it the name of Golden Tower.

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Here you can locate all monuments to be found in Sevilla



ALCALÁ DE GUADAÍRA


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In prehistoric dolmens El Gandul is the Chalcolithic period.

Their origin is Turdetano the Greeks and Romans called Ordo Hiemipa Hienipense, dating from this time his Guadaíra River bridge.

At the time had a flourishing Arab calling himself the 'Al Wad Aira Kalat' (The Castle of Aira River).

On the occasion of the struggles between the houses of Medina-Sidonia and Marqués de la Mina was modified and restored, being conquered in 1244. It is of irregular shape, about two yards, and is crossed by 11 towers. On 21 September 1248 was presented by King Alamar Aben Granada to Ferdinand III, who gave the town's official seal. In 1253 with a distribution of Alfonso X Seville became part of corresponding to its people the same privileges that the people of Seville. He served prison Calatrava Don Diego Garcia (Maestre de Calatrava), the Archbishop of Braga, Don Juan Cardella and the Duke of Osuna III, Don Pedro Giron, among others. Until 1444 it was owned by the Count of Arcos, when he went to the dominions of the Count of Niebla. In 1477 he acquired the property of the Crown category.


Now I'll show some of the monuments you can find:

NAME

LOCATION

ORIGIN

TYPOLOGY

STYLE

DESCRIPTION

Puente de Carlos III

ALCALA DE
GUADAIRA
18th


On the river Guadaíra in the urban area of the city. Built of stone, of Roman origin, consists of seven arches. Turning Point in the Camino Real to the ports of Cadiz, was transformed in the XVIII century, during King Carlos III.

Castillo de Marchenilla

ALCALA DE GUADAIRA
14th


XIV century castle, is one of the best preserved in the province. Highlights include a large walled courtyard and keep.

Castillo de Alcalá de Guadaíra

ALCALA DE GUADAIRA



Castle of Muslim origin, is flanked by eleven towers, forming two enclosures. Its wall is crowned with battlements and arrow slits provided. Figures such as the Catholic Monarchs and Charles V stayed at the castle in one of his visits.external image cleardot.gif

Molinos del Guadaíra

ALCALA DE GUADAIRA



Islamic and late medieval era, Alcala flour mills are located mainly along the riverbed Guadaíra. At present, preserved fifteen: Four on the shore of the river, three in the area and eight in Gandul area Marchenilla.

OSUNA




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Its historical origin can be located around 1,000 BC According to Pliny, Strabo and Ptolemy. Osuna is of Iberian origin. Given its walls Viriato defeated the Romans, led by Quintus Octavius Maximus. It was conquered by Caesar. From this stage are preserved abundant traces, some in the Archaeological Museum of the Villa, and others, such as legal inscriptions known as' bronze Osuna'

It was conquered in 1239 by the Christian King Fernando III, moving in 1264 to be assigned more of the Order of Calatrava, which was titled Waiter 'Commander of Osuna. "

in 1596, Don Juan Tellez Giron, fourth Conde de Ureña, the town reached its heyday, and Philip II in 1562 granted him the title of Duke of Osuna. The life of the village was led by the paternalistic influence 'the ducal house', some of whose members, like Don Juan Tellez, embellished with magnificent buildings, such as the 'University' and the College, 'The Collegiate', for which classrooms became great figures of our literature.external image cleardot.gif

Now I'll show some of the monuments you can find:

NAME

LOCATION

ORIGIN

TYPOLOGY

STYLE

DESCRIPTION

Old Palace Cepeda
osuna



Nineteenth century building which belonged to the Cepeda family, whose most prominent member, St. Teresa of Jesus, appears in a polychrome relief on the front door.

Ermita de San Arcadio

osuna
century
17th


Chapel in which worship the patron of the city, San Arcadio, XVII century figure.
Church of Our Lady of Consolation
osuna
century
16th
Religious architecture

Original construction of the sixteenth century, and renovated during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. Formerly Franciscan convent in the same venerated image of Our Lady of Consolation, patron saint of Osuna.external image cleardot.gif
Church and Tower of Mercy
osuna
century
17th
Religious architecture

XVII century building in which stands the magnificent facade of the church and the marble floors of Genoa.
Church of the Holy Spirit Conventexternal image cleardot.gif
osuna

Religious architecture

One of the most beautiful monasteries Osuna, was founded to collect foundlings. Highlights include a superb collection of doors and frames that highlight Rococo art. Currently, the convent is run by the Sisters of the Cross.

CARMONA

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The fertility of the land and its privileged geographical position at the top of the head of a defense made easy Carmona was populated from 'prehistoric times" In the year 206 BC C., Carmona was conquered by the Roman Empire, was intensely Romanized and became one of the most important urban centers of Andalusia, with the name 'Carmen'.

Its importance did not decrease in the Muslim period, and became the capital of one of the Taifa kingdoms in the eleventh century. The Arabs reformed the defensive system and embellished with noble palaces, mosques and other important buildings, of which there are still remains.

The conquest was the work of Fernando III 'the Saint', in 1247, starting with recruitment. Its boundaries of the territory by Alfonso X the Wise In the fifteenth century, struggles between the political parties strongly hit the city.

In 1630, Philip IV granted the 'title of city. "


Now I'll show some of the monuments you can find:

NAME

LOCATION

ORIGIN

TYPOLOGY

STYLE

DESCRIPTION

neclopolis romana
carmona
Century 1st and 2ndexternal image cleardot.gif
burial grounds

Outside the walls, as was customary in Roman cities, and near the road that connected Hispalis Carmo (Carmona / Seville), it retains a considerable sector of the Roman Necropolis own testimony along with other activity of a poor urban areas: the extraction of quarry stones for construction, pottery and the amphitheater dedicated to public entertainment.
Church of the Saviour.
carmona
17th-18th
Religious architecture

He belonged to the Jesuits. It contains images and goldsmith of the XVII and XVIII.
alcazar de la puerta de sevilla
carmona
century 8th a.C.


The Carthaginians built a stronghold on the original tower, giving square appearance. But it was in Roman times when the defense complex began to take the first strokes of the current appearance.
These measures, together with those who carried out the rest of the city, Carmona made the safest and strongest of Andalusia during antiquity.


MARCHENA


external image MARCHENA.png

Bronze Age, highlighting the 'deposit Montemolín'

The Roman settlement, several are the possible names of the people, 'Castra' 'Genuine', 'Alpe' and 'Cologne Marcia' in honor of Marciana, sister of Trajan.

Its current name comes from that adopted during the Muslim invasion, 'Marssen-ah. "

The city was conquered by Ferdinand III in 1240, who gave it to Pedro Ponce de Minerva, whose son Fernando obtained by donation of Fernando IV the lordship of the town.

In the XV and XVI centuries the city grew strongly, the hand of the Duke of Arcos.

In the nineteenth century after the abolition of the feudal, Marchena be separated from Arcos.

In 1812, after the abolition of the feudal system by the Constitution, Marchena acquires its peak, which manifests itself in its beautiful architectural constructions eminently religious.


Now I'll show some of the monuments you can find:

NAME

LOCATION

ORIGIN

TYPOLOGY

STYLE

DESCRIPTION

Puerta de Sevilla (Arco de la Rosa)

Marchena



It is a gate in receivership and meets all the requirements recommended key Vitrubio.Sobre arch appears the emblem of the family 'Colonna' crowning the ducal coat.
This gate, also called ARCO DE LA ROSA is one of the most emblematic monuments Marchena.

Elizabeth Church

marchena
1566
century
16th
Religious architecture
Renaissance
The works of this church began to 1566, finished twenty years later. The church, no religion, contains many works of art, we highlight the main altarpiece in the Renaissance style, where you can admire magnificent Roelas five tables. The convent near the church has a beautiful carving that represents one of Alonso Cano Immaculate dated between 1656 and 1660, and an 'Ecce Homo' by Juan de Juanes. A sundial on the outside of one wall is preserved from the building.

Church and Convent of San Agustín

marchena
17th

Baroque to neoclassical
The exterior shows a beautiful monument to the Sacred Heart of Jesus Inside, highlights the reliefs on the walls of the Moorish-style buildings themed e incluencias of post-Columbian Aztec and Inca cultures.

Écija


external image 200px-Ecija_%28Sevilla%29.PNG

This town’s foundation is placed ca the VIIIth BC, within Tartessian civilization, Until Roman conquer.

200 BC, it was probably a small Turdetano village of huts located on the slight rise next to the Genil river, nowadays known as Alcazar or San Gil.

The town had its highest splendour period under Roman rule.

it took part in favour of Julius Caesar during the Civil Wars against Pompey. ( 14 BC )

During the Islamic rule, Istiŷa was the province capital during the caliphate and emirate periods.

Muslim people introduced water crops, including the cotton crop, which gave Ecija the nickname of Madînat al-qutn (“the town of cotton”)

On May 1240 Ecija was conquered by Fernando III and distributed among new Castilian settlers, including many noblemen, military orders and the Church.

Started to a large extent from this feudal distribution of land and its development along the Modern period.

During the whole XVIIIth century, considered the “Ecijan Golden Century”, the town underwent splendorous civil and religious buildings linked to the concentration of ecclesiastical and aristocratic properties and power, ( there were in the town 40 nobility titles, 13 of them Grandees of Spain)

Ecija’s historic centre preserves one of the best Baroque architectural and artistic legacies of Andalusia and probably of all the Iberian Peninsula.

In 1402 Enrique III awarded the title of “town” to Ecija.

Carlos I added the title of “Muy leal” (Very Loyal) to the one of “Muy noble” (Very Noble) held previously by the town.

Felipe V awards the appointment as “Constante, leal y fidelísima” (Constant, Loyal and Very Faithful) in 1710.

In 1880 Alfonso XII awards the town Council the address of “Excelentísimo”.

in the XXth century, Ecija receives in 1966 a new title (Site of Historical and Artistic Interest)


Now I'll show some of the monuments you can find:


NAME

LOCATION

ORIGIN

TYPOLOGY

STYLE

DESCRIPTION

el carmen church
ecija
It dates back to the first quarter of the 15th century
Religious architecture


saint John's church
ecija
16th-18th
Religious architecture




Holy cross high parish

ecija


1778 y 1836

Religious architecture
neoclassic
During the Muslim period, between the VIIIth and the XIIIth centuries one of Ecija’s Mosques was located here; the present tower was built on the former minaret.After Christian Conquest, in 1240, a new Mudejar church building was started; nowadays from this temple an arch with plaster decoration is preserved at the North churchyard.After 1755’s earthquake, the building of a new church in neoclassic style is approved. It was built between 1778 and 1836, and it remained unfinished because of financial problems.

Saint florentina's

ecija
17th-18th


Saint Florentina Convent is thought to be the oldest of Ecija and is one of the first to be established in Andalusia within their Order (Dominican Sisters).
The primitive workshop could have been a Mudejar style building, but today the Baroque rooms and buildings prevail.

ESTEPA


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208 BCE Roman invaders found that the entire population of what was then a small but important outpost of Carthage had torched their homes and killed themselves rather than be overrun by the Romans.

The Romans re-populated the town from their settlements elsewhere in the region and called it Ostipo.

In the eighth century, the Moorish armies who had invaded the south-western tip of the region in 711 CE took the town and renamed it Istabba. The Arabs renovated an abandoned pre-Roman castle at the top of the San Cristobal hill on which the town sits, and began fortifying it against the incursions during the Reconquest. Shifts in power between various caliphates saw it fall under the control of various caliphs, including the kingdoms of both Granada and Sevilla. The renowned poet Al Zawwali lived here before returning to Marrakech in 1220 shortly before his death.Estepa, as it would be rechristened, was taken quite early in the Reconquest, by King Fernando III, 'The Saint', in 1241, but was the subject of regular attacks from Granada, which would not fall to the Christians until 1492.

19th century, the consequences of successive wars and economic downturn transformed Estepa into a haven for the bandits, who haunted the mountains and often made outrageous forays into the towns and villages ( in was "El Tempranillo" )

In 1886, queen Maria Cristina honoured the town with the title of City by Royal Disposition, a sign of its status in the region.


Now I'll show some of the monuments you can find:

NAME

LOCATION

ORIGIN

TYPOLOGY

STYLE

DESCRIPTION

the city wall

estepa
10th century

Islamic
The city walls that were first built in the 10th century by the Moors.
its 26 meters high are magnificent views of the countryside and the city
The tower is 22m high and topped by an impressive belfry and spire.

convent of santa clara

estepa


baroque
Behind the church of Santa Maria is the Baroque convent of Santa Clara, built by two of the local marqueses and the Franciscans.. The opulent interior features a single nave with barrelled vault supported by arches,dome above scalloped details over the altar. The altar itself was built by Pedro Ruiz de Paniagua, funded by monies owed the marqueses by King Charles V.

Palacio de los Marqueses de Cerverales

estepa
18th century

Baroque
Completed in 1756 by the first Marquis of Cerverales, Manuel Bejarano y Campañón, it boasts a handsome Baroque façade with spiral Solomon columns, and in the interior a typical open courtyard.

The central Plaza El Carmen

estepa
18th


The central Plaza El Carmen was as the name suggests built in honour of the Virgin Carmen. It was expanded in 1745 to accommodate a bullring. Spain's shifting political fortunes have seen it baptised with various names over the centuries: Constitution Square, Royal Square, Republic Square, Square among them. It's more commonly known to townsfolk as 'el salón', 'the lounge', and the place where many of them congregate under the shade of its trees and in the cool from its central fountain.